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ROD-011 1/72 Gotha G.IV German WW1 bomber model kit

Roden ROD-011 1/72 Gotha G.IV German WW1 bomber model kit
Price 90.95
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ROD-011 1/72 Gotha G.IV German WW1 bomber model kit

Roden 1/72 Gotha G.IV German WW1 bomber model kit. Pic.1
Roden 1/72 Gotha G.IV German WW1 bomber model kit. Pic.1

Roden 1/72 Gotha G.IV German WW1 bomber model kit. Pic.2
Roden 1/72 Gotha G.IV German WW1 bomber model kit. Pic.2

Gotha G.I, Gotha G.ll, Gotha G.Ill Bombers, built in 1915-1916 by Gothaer Waggonfabric AG, were principally new fighting machines but nevertheless were not able to carry out "The Strategic Missions" (German Command used these word to designate air raids to England first of all). But the situation had been changed radically after the successful testing of a next modification of Gotha G.IV. Gotha G.IV differed from its predecessors in available ailerons on both wings and in so-called "Gotha tunnel" - a special cut-out in the aft bottom part of its fuselage, which allowed its air gunner to defend the aircraft both from upper and lower semispheres. Moreover, additional fuel tank was installed; thus increasing the fighting range. Air Force Inspection had immediately ordered 52 aircraft from Gotha Company and another 180 machines have to be built under a licence from Luft Verkehrs-Gesselschaft (LVG) and Siemens Schuckert Werke (SSW) at the end of 1916.
In March-April 1917, Kagohl 3, a new military unit (unofficially called as Englandgeschwader) had obtained the first batch of serially manufactured "fours". The staging area of Kagohl 3 was at Nieuwmunster, situated on Belgian coastline, in close vicinity to Great Britain.
The first raid was made by Kagohl 3 on 25 May 1917; it was aimed at Folkestone, Shorncliffe and Cheriton. The results were terrible: 95 persons were killed, 192 wounded. As of the number of victims, the raid outdid the best raids of airships at once.
Up to September 1917, Kagohl 3 had bombed British Isles seven times more (London was bombed trice). On 13 June 1917, fourteen Gotha G.IVs have attacked the territory nearly Liverpool Street Station, having dropped 72 bombs in total. 162 persons were killed and 432 more were wounded. This raid went down into history of the First World War as the most powerful raid if to take into account the number of its victims.
General public of Great Britain stood aghast at this, while the press accused the government of a state of paralysis. The British were forced to refit the whole system of air defense radically; they formed so-called Home Defense.
Germany, on the contrary, triumphed over "the defeated enemy". Hauptmann Ernst Brandenburg, commander of Kagohl 3, was awarded with the highest war decoration of airmen Pour le Merite ('Blue Max'). Only fighter pilots were honored with "Blue Max" before then.
Starting from September 1917, Kagohl 3 had switched to the night raids only. It was caused by bad losses among strategically important Gotha G.IVs during each raid, since Home Defense, formed by the British, was found very efficient. At the same time, Kagohl 3 had obtained an new modification of the aircraft Gotha G.V which gradually relegated the 'fours' to the background. The last five Gotha G.IVs have been withdrawn fro first line in the autumn of 1918.

Upper wing span - 23,70m
Length - 12,2m
Height - 4,3m
Take-off weight - 3635kg
Maximum - speed - 140km/h
Engines - 2xMercedes D.IVa, 260h.p
Bombs - up to 500kg
Guns - 2xParabellum LMG14