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AMO-7218 1/72 Kamov Ka-60 Russian modern helicopter model kit
AMO-7218 1/72 Kamov Ka-60 Russian modern helicopter model kit
Article from Military Parade magazine #32
The Kamov company has set out to test a new Kamov Ka-60 multirole army aviation helicopter designed for accomplishing various combat missions.
The helicopter can carry a rifle squad with full combat gear in its passenger cabin which features a volume of 9.8 m3. Two sliding doors (one on each side of the cargo cabin) measuring 1,250 x 1,300 mm make it possible to perform embarkation/debarkation of nine troopers within 5 to 6 seconds.
In the ambulance version, the Ka-60 helicopter can carry six stretchers with wounded persons and three medical attendants, as well as up to 14 sitting patients.
The maximum internal load-carrying capacity is 2,000 kg.
The maximum takeoff weight is 6,500 kg.
In the search and rescue version, the helicopter is equipped with a searchlight and a LPG-300 hoist with a load-carrying capacity of 300 kg that is able to lift two persons or cargo. For operations over water areas, the helicopter is equipped with inflatable ballonnets.
The Ka-60 may be used in other capacities when provided with special equipment and weapons. A civilian version, designated Ka-62, is being developed on the basis of the Ka-60 helicopter.
The helicopter's performance, reliability and power-to-weight ratio has been considerably improved in comparison with its counterparts due to an updated aerodynamic configuration of the airframe.This helicopter also includes retractable landing gear and two RD-600 engines. The helicopter can fly in a wide range of contrasting temperatures, at altitudes of up to 6,000 m and high cruising speeds to a range of 600 km.
The engines, specially created for the Ka-60 by the Rybinsk Motors company, develop a takeoff power of 1,300 hp each and are the most up-to-date Russian engines.
The modular design features and promising technological/design solutions ensure a high fuel efficiency and maintainability of the engines. The digital two-channel automatic control system provided with the backup hydromechanical channel and developed monitoring and diagnostics system, considerably increases the operating reliability of the power source.
Should one engine stop during the takeoff or during regular flight, output to the other engine increases automatically (without pilot's intervention) thus enabling the flight to continue.
The helicopter is not susceptible to ice and high dust content. The main rotor blades are provided with an electrical anti-icing system, while the engine inlet devices are also equipped with a hot-air anti-icing system. The engine inlet duct is furnished with a dust-protection device. The leading edges of the main rotor blades are provided with an erosion-resistant coating.
If required, the engine and the main-rotor gearbox can operate in emergency power conditions exceeding the takeoff power by 20 to 25 percent. Its gearboxes can operate without oil for an appreciable length of time.
The control system rods and drive shafts have been proven to continue functioning when pierced by the 7.62mm and 12.7mm bullets. The main-rotor blades, made of composite materials, retain their survivability when hit by a 23mm projectile. Its main systems and units are duplicated; the main and backup systems are arranged on different sides of the airframe to prevent their being damaged by one projectile. The self-sealing fuel tanks are provided with an explosion-proof system.
In the pilot's cabin two sets of controls enable the crew to fly the helicopter from either of the two seats. This makes it ideal for the initial training of pilots, as well as for improving one's flying technique.
In case of an emergency landing while flying on low altitudes, the safety of the crew and passengers is ensured by an additional (emergency) stroke of the landing gear shock struts, and by the energy-absorbing seats for the crew and passengers. The strong fuselage and heavily secured units exclude injuries to the crew and passengers possibly caused by the airframe and equipment during crash impact. The design of the personnel compartments allows for injury-free impacts.
The helicopter's standard equipment includes navigational facilities, flight control equipment and data display systems. Provision is made in the fuselage nose section for the installation of a radar and a night vision system.
Its maintainability, up-to-date diagnostics methods, and ease of servicing make it possible to sustain the required level of combat readiness. Its high operating qualities have been achieved due to a wide use of composite materials, the employment of maintenance-free bearings, and a system-oriented arrangement of equipment in maintenance zones. An automated onboard monitoring system along with the powerplant control unit, make it possible to promptly detect problems and represent the required information via the onboard or ground-based display system.
One of the Russian helicopter manufacturing plants has set out to begin serial production of the Ka-60. For our customer convenience, the Kamov company is committed to provide helicopter sales, a guarantee of continuous after-sales servicing, logistic support, training of flight personnel and technical staff, as well as training facilities, etc. Having a wide experience in the development of various-class and various-purpose helicopters, the Russian certificate for the development and production, as well as the foreign certificate for production of aviation materiel, the Kamov company is ready, together with cooperating production plants, to offer high-quality services for users of the unique Kamov helicopters.
Information from United States Army John F. Kennedy Special Warfare Center and School, Fort Bragg, North Carolina.
The Russian aviation firm Kamov has developed a light-helicopter prototype capable of performing multiple missions. The experimental model -designated the Ka-60 - was exhibited in the summer of 1998 and is expected to take its first test flight in the near future. The Ka-60 is tagged for eventual deployment in Army aviation units, and it may also see service with the Border Troops and with the Ministry of Internal Affairs. The Ka-60 is to be used for reconnaissance, for transporting air-assault forces, and for various light-transport missions. With advanced avionics and electronics added, the Ka-60 can also be used for radio-electronic jamming and for special-operations missions, which have the most demanding requirements for navigation and security. The Ka-60 may also operate as part of "mixed strike groups," in conjunction with Ka-50 Black Shark helicopters. The Russians are developing new tactics for the helicopter, which likely will become operational early in the 21st century. The Ka-60 is powered by two 1,300-horsepower engines. It has one four-blade main rotor and an 11-blade tail rotor; a 245 kilometer/hour cruising speed; a 2100-meter hovering ceiling; and a range of 700 kilometers, which can be extended by adding fuel tanks. Its maximum take-off weight is 6,500 kilograms. Variations for foreign sale are expected.
(Article is written by Dr. Graham H. Turbiville Jr. of the Foreign Military Studies Office, U.S. Army Fort Leavenworth, Kansas.)
Kamov Ka-60 Kasatka Datafile (information from FLUG REVUE)
Military transport and training helicopter
Passengers: up to 16 infantry troops or six stretchers.
Normal load would be assault squad of 11 soldiers.
Power plant: 2 x Rybinsk RD-600V turboshafts
Power: 2 x 956 kW (1282 shp)
Length overall, rotors turning: 15,60 m
Fuselage length: 13,46 m
Height: 4,20 m
Width over main wheels: 2,50 m
Rotor diameter: 13,50 m
Rotor disk area: 143,1 sq m
Tail rotor diameter: 1,2 m
Cabin length: 3,4 m exluding flight deck
Cabin width: 1,78 m
Cabin height: 1,30 m
Payload: 2000 kg internal
Hook load: ca 2750 kg
Fuel: 1450 litres
Max. weight without external load: 6500 kg
Max. gross weight: 6750 kg
Max. level speed: 300 km/h
Cruise speed: 260 - 270 km/h
Max. rate of climb: 10,4 m/s at sea level
Service ceiling: 5150 m
- in ground effect: 2900 m
- out of ground effect: 2100 m
Range: 615 km, no reserves
PZL-Swidnik W-3 Sokol
The Ka-60 is inteded as a Mi-8 replacement in the Russian military, offering a 60 per cent saving in fuel consumption as well as far superior reliability and maintainability. It is to fulfill a full spectrum of roles, from training and troop transport to all-weather reconnaissance and target designation for attack helicopters. Armament is possible on detachable pylons on the fuselage sides.
Desgin of the Ka-60 began in the late 80s, but its existence was not revealed until 1997, while a closely related civil version, the Ka-62, was shown many years previously, in September 1990. At that time, a first flight date of 1993 was announced.
Due to the ubiquitous lack of money in Russia, a prototype of the Ka-60 was not completed and rolled-out at Lyubertsy until August 1998. An "official" first flight followed on 24. December, but the real maiden lift-off had been on December 10. Chief test pilot Vladimir Lavrov and navigator Pavel Kalinine were in the cockpit.
It is not clear whether there are orders for the Ka-60 from the Russian army, but it certainly has expressed urgent interest. The first production aircraft could be available in 2000. Manufacture is to take place at Ulan-Ude.