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VRT-200202 Vertolet N2 2002 magazine
In ECONOMICS section we publish the report made by E. Ruzhitsky at the 5th Forum of the Russian Helicopter Society. The report is devoted to the problem of world helicopter market prospectives (The prospec-tives of the helicopter market, p. 4).
The OPERATION heading opens with the article The whale in the ocean of air» (by A. Khlebnikov, p. 12). The Mi-26 helicopter performed its first flight in 1977. Since 1980 it has been produced at Rostvertol PLC. Only two rotorcraft in the world can compete with the Mi-26. They are CH-47 Chinook produced by Boeing company and CH-53E Super Stallion (S-80) by Sikorsky. However, the Mi-26 exceeds them in cargo capacity. Russian operators have great experience in using the helicopter for civil purposes. About 50 helicopters are operated in civil aviation and it is a record number. Deep cooperation with rotorcraft operators allows the producer to modernize Mi-26 taking into account all customers' requirements. The paper acquaints readers with prospectives of the helicopter.
Kazan Helicopter Squadron is 10 years old. It is the first company in the Republic of Tatarstan which started rotorcraft operation. In 1992 the company had only one Mi-8 helicopter. Today it has a fleet of twelve Mi-8 and three Mi-2 helicopters. 14 helicopter crews are ready to take off the helicopters to provide different operations such as oil- and gas-pipe monitoring, patrolling, transportation of cargos on the sling, providing the first aid, etc. (Without moral right for a mistake, p. 16)
The article «In the scorching sky» (p. 18) written by Mikhail Patrikeev and Kon-stantin Yakimov is devoted to the problem of helicopter operation at high temperatures. These conditions make the helicopter using more difficult. As a rule the crew faces a complex problem which can be divided into the following factors: engine maximum power decrease, problems with the engine starting, a failure of engine's and transmission's elements, as well as the fire risk increase. We should add the human risk factor to the points mentioned above. The authors think that to know these risk factors means to avoid or decrease their influence.
The PORTRAIT heading is not published in our journal very often. But Inna Ko-pets, the character of the article The profession in the card (p. 20), deserves to be described. She is one of the famous Russian pilots who devoted all their lives to the helicopters. She is also a holder of fifteen world records set up on the helicopters of different classes. It is interesting to note that the Mi-26 helicopter, the biggest rotorcraft in the world, was adopted for civil using just by feminine crews. Ten world records were set up on the Mi-26 by women and Inna Kopets was among them.
For twenty years she flew in Western Siberia. Nowadays she is an adviser of Moscow agency of Tyumenaviatrans Aviation Company, one of the biggest helicopter operators in Russia. Inna Kopets was rewarded with several medals, but the main reward is the Order of Honour which was given to her by Vladimir Putin, the President Russia.
How to keep rotorcraft servicing market? Natalia Eivazova thinks that the only way is to optimize cooperation between producers and operators (the paper «Necessity dictated by life» is presented in the OPINION section, p. 24). To provide for rotorcraft competitiveness designers and producers should create a net of maintenance centers in the countries where Russian helicopters are operated.
All achievements of fundamental or applied sciences are used in the real life only if they are developed and realized in new constructions, designs and technologies. Therefore, the main problem for modern technology is to manage developing of the idea into the real product. The idea (even a genius one) is only the first step in this process. This is the point of view of Igor Erlich (the paper To master methods means to solve problems, p. 26).
The-JUBILEE heading contains two papers. The first one was devoted to Igor Erlikh. The paper «A prominent designer* written by Yury Lazarenko (p. 29) tells our readers about the talented designer and outstanding manager who worked in helicopter industry for all his life. Igor Erlikh took part in the work on Yak-24 tandem-rotor helicopter, then he leftYakovlev firm and was invited by Nikolai Kamov to work on Ka-25 co-axial helicopter. Therefore, since 1960 till 1988 Igor Erlich worked for Kamov Company. His professional life was full of events of great importance. One of the heroic pages was his participation in elimination of the after-effects of the Chernobil accident.
The next article is about the test pilot Vasily Koloshenko, a legendary person in Russian helicopter world. He is a Hero of Soviet Union, a holder of fifteen world records; he has the title of international class master of sports. His colleagues consider him as the best helicopter pilot. He is really «The man who conquered the sky» (p. 34). He tested a lot of helicopters including V-12 rotorcraft and worked in different climate and weather conditions. Russian helicopter community congratulates Vasily Koloshenko with his jubilee and wishes him good health.
In HISTORY section we offer our readers fragments selected from the book by Vasily Koloshenko The Tutelary Genius. The parts presented are devoted to the Mi-4 helicopter. The Mi-4 was designed, built and tested within a year. It was a record period. The helicopter was produced serially within 14 years in transport, ambulance, navy, polar, etc. modifications. Then its performances and cargo capacity were better that those of all Western helicopters of its class. Vasily Koloshenko piloted the Mi-4 helicopter in different climatic conditions - in the North and the South, Arctic and Antarctic Regions or India. Everywhere the helicopter showed its best characteristics. (The paper The tutelary genius Mi-4 is published on p. 36)
The second article The Yak-24: an outstanding page of history (by Flaishman A. p. 40) was about Yak-24 tandem-rotor helicopter. To tell the truth, the paper is not exactly about Yak-24 but about an attempt to introduce tandem-rotor scheme into Soviet helicopter-building. Why did domestic helicopter designers prefer coaxial and single-rotor helicopters? What were the reasons to close down the production of tandem-rotor helicopters? The discussion of abilities of helicopters of different schemes which took place about thirty years ago was very fruitful for domestic helicopter-building. We hope that the historic reflection could be useful for modern designers of helicopters.
The AEROSHOW heading contains papers about two exhibitions held in spring, 2002. The FIDAE aerospace show is one of the most popular in the Latin America. The Latin America market becomes very attractive both for Western and Russian aircraft builders. Russian helicopter companies are among enterprises that cooperate with the Latin-American operators. The article «Chile welcomes the guests* (by Rumiantzeva, p. 46) is about FIDAE-2002 exhibition.
The article The view of achievements (by N. Priklonskaya, p. 48) is about Engines-2002 exhibition. It is a traditional biannual exposition of achievements in the field of engine design and production.
50 pages, 110 photos