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PLN-200103 Polygon N3 2001 magazine

Polygon PLN-200103 Polygon N3 2001 magazine
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Polygon Polygon N3 2001 magazine. Pic.1
Polygon Polygon N3 2001 magazine. Pic.1

Polygon Polygon N3 2001 magazine. Pic.2
Polygon Polygon N3 2001 magazine. Pic.2

Polygon Polygon N3 2001 magazine. Pic.3
Polygon Polygon N3 2001 magazine. Pic.3

Polygon Polygon N3 2001 magazine. Pic.4
Polygon Polygon N3 2001 magazine. Pic.4

Polygon Polygon N3 2001 magazine. Pic.5
Polygon Polygon N3 2001 magazine. Pic.5

PLN-200103 Polygon N3 2001 magazine

Summary
We shall win?!
Documents of the exhibition on the Great Patriotic War anniversary
In commemoration of the 60th anniversary of the Great Patriotic War Russian State Military Archive together with other State and departmental archives and museums has organized the exhibition We Will Prevail? The name of the exhibition and its concept represent the general vector of our history during the Great War - from the uncertainties in the destiny of our people to its rebirth and Victory.
The exhibition displays unique documents preserved in Russian archives that deal with preparations for the War and its first days. The exhibition We Will Prevail? serves to remind that never should one forget the lessons of History.
German heavy tank A7V
by Semen Fedoseev, Engineer (completion, beginning see "Poiigon" N1, 2001)
December 17, 1917 the German Joint Staff has ratified the order for 100 tank frames. Instead of 10 tanks it was now planned to build 38, though this number was reduced to 20 later on.
The tanks were organized in assault units 5-vehictes-strong each. In total 45 tanks were fielded: 15 were domestically produced and 30 were the captured Mk.lV. Thus a total of 9 assault units was deployed. High command didn't have any confidence in its armored forces.
German tanks saw their first combat on March 21, 1918. English forces were overwhelmed with terror when the vehicles appeared at the front line. The most well-known is the combat at Villiers-Brettone on April 24, 1918, in which A7V tanks took part. This was the first battle between British- and German-built tanks. Two British machine-gun tanks were hit and had to retreat, but the third tank kept moving constantly, firing from short stops, and managed to knock out one German tank which was abandoned.
Generally speaking first German tanks' engagements were unsuccessful. This was mainly due to their small numbers and low level of training of their crews.
German tank had different painting schemes. Originally it was a uniform gray or green paint, but then, cued by the British, Germans started using spot camouflage. Teutonic cross was drawn on the side of the hull. Some of the tanks also carried crews' personal emblems.
After the war many tanks became the displays of numerous exhibitions. Reichswehr has armored one tractor chassis that was left to the Germans, equipped it with machine-guns, and used it in street fights in Berlin in January 1919.
Only one vehicle has survived to our days - Mephysto, that was captured by Australian infantry. It was used as a prototype for the rebuilding of tank Votan for a German museum.
Black sea giant
by Mikhael Maslov & Vadim Egorov
The most well-known two-keel hydroplane is considered to be Italian S.55 built bySavoya-Marketti (???) company. Designed as a torpedo bomber it made several flights around the world in the end of twenties. In 1929 the squadron of these planes visited Odessa and was shown to the Soviet engineers. In 1932 the USSR has purchased six S.55, five of which were deployed in the Far East.
In the beginning of 30s similar planes started to be actively developed in the USSR itself. Though even back in 1926 engineer Grigorovich proposed the plane MM 1, followed by MTB-2 plane of engineer Bartini in 1930, these planes were never built. Only in 1934 TsAGI has built a gigantic MK-1 plane.
This fully metallic, six-engine plane was intended for deep sea reconnaissance, bombardment of enemy fleet groups, bases and fortified areas, as well as transport of special cargo like torpedo boats and small submarines.
The construction of MK-1 was carried out at TsAGI's experimental construction plant. Factory trials started on August 8, 1934, and continued until May 8, 1935. After that armament suite was installed on the plane, and State trials followed that lasted from July 27 until August 15. The plane had good capabilities, but in 1935 the interest to it has died. The plane turned out to be very complex in both production and use.
The single plane produced kept flying until 1937 and has set several records before being decommissioned. In 1938 the design of a two-keel asymmetric 54-ton hydro-plane was proposed, but was never implemented.
D-25. No alternatives
by Mikhael Svihn
There are lots of amateurs today who take pleasure in lashing at the decisions taken in the past. One of the decisions they consider disingenuous was the arming of IS tank with a 122mm D-25 gun instead of a 100mm D-10 gun which had a unitary round and greater rate of fire.
It is the belief of the author that every past decision was justified as it always had some underlying reasons, sometimes unknown to us. If one looks closely at the issue of IS armament, one will quickly see that there were no viable alternatives to the decision taken by Stalin in 1943.
Only theoretically did the 100mm gun have any advantages in loading speed, ammunition capacity, or armor penetration. In reality it turned out that the long unitary round for D-10 or S-34 guns was impossible to either conveniently store or easily retrieve in the confined battle compartment of IS tank. The the oretically penetration advantage was about 5mm, but in reality it turned out that 122mm AP round had a far greater performance against the actual German armor of the end of the war.
The main point however, is that the AP round for a 100mm gun didn't appear until November, 1944, whereas IS with 122mm gun saw their first combat in the beginning of the year.
Mittlerer Flammpanzerwagen SdKfz251/16
by Jeffrey McKaughan
This is a Russian language reprint of the article by Jeffrey McCohen (???), published in the Journal of Military Ordnance, July 1996, printed with the permission of the author and the publisher.
Successor of Voroshilovets
by Mikhael Svirin
This vehicle is largely unknown even though it was series-produced albeit in small numbers. The history of its creation starts in 1942 when the Red Army started conducting offensive operations and felt the lack of transport means, especially for the transport of heavy artillery and the evacuation of disabled tanks. In the beginning of 1943 two designs were proposed as replacement of Voroshilovets prime mover. People's Commissar of Tanks Building has ratified the N.G.Zubarev's design, however no work was done until the summer of 1943 due to lack of suitable manufacturing facilities.
August of 1943 saw the liberation of the city of Kharkov, which previously had powerful tank and tractor production capabilities. The plants were destroyed but already in the beginning of 1944 the workers have sent the letter to the People's Commissar proposing to organize the production of Zubarev's prime mover there. The prime mover was designated AT-45 and the series of 7 vehicles was built, after which the blueprints were sent to the Kharkov Tractor Plant that was being rebuilt.
Panzerschreck
Intelligence report
This is a full translation of the captured field manual from June 7, 1944. Reprinted from the Digest of intelligence information, No 17/22, September 1944.
Shamraev Vladimir Nikolaevych
by Ivan Koshkin
A brief story of an SPG tanker V.N.Shamraev based on his memoirs. V.Shamraev was called up in 1943 and fought in 1891st Red Banner SPG regiment of High Command Reserve from end of 1943 to 1945. An SPG commander, who took part in battles from Odessa to Romania and Hungary. He met the end of the war in the town of Gratz. The last words of his story about himself were: It is better to never go to war.
Learn to recognize and destroy enemy tanks
by S. Gliazer & P. Beloborodov
The article from the newspaper Red soldier from July 4, 1942.
To destroy tanks of an enemy, it is necessary to know how them to recognize and to know their vulnerable places. In the article ten German tanks, known in that time, and rules of struggle with them are resulted.

Contents
The Shall Win?! Documents of the exhibition on the Great Patriotic war anniversary
Heavy German tank A7V
Black Sea giant
D-25. No alternatives
Mittlerer Flammpanzerwagen SdKfz251/16
The Successor of Voroshilovets
Panzerschreck
Shamraev Vladimir Nikolaevych
Learn to destroy enemy tanks
56 pages, 79 photos, 12 drawings

Illustrations
1. State acceptance trials of T-34 tank. March 1940. RGVA
2. Preproduction prototype of IS-85 tank armed with 85mm D-5T gun
3. Preproduction prototype of IS-122 tank armed with 121.9mmgunD-2-5 (A-19 tank version)
4. Summer trials of IS-4 tank (obiekt 244) armed with 100mm D-10 gun. July 1944
5. IS-1 and IS-2 tanks armed with 76.2mmZIS-5gunand 121.9mm U-11 howitzer respectively. Spring 1943