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www.Aviapress.com >  Books >  Russian Navy History Books > 

OTH-071 The Grozny cruiser - The ship that was in a step forward to the future book

Russian Navy History Books OTH-071 The Grozny cruiser - The ship that was in a step forward to the future book
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OTH-071 The Grozny cruiser - The ship that was in a step forward to the future book

Russian Navy History Books The Grozny cruiser - The ship that was in a step forward to the future book. Pic.1
Russian Navy History Books The Grozny cruiser - The ship that was in a step forward to the future book. Pic.1

Russian Navy History Books The Grozny cruiser - The ship that was in a step forward to the future book. Pic.2
Russian Navy History Books The Grozny cruiser - The ship that was in a step forward to the future book. Pic.2

Russian Navy History Books The Grozny cruiser - The ship that was in a step forward to the future book. Pic.3
Russian Navy History Books The Grozny cruiser - The ship that was in a step forward to the future book. Pic.3

Russian Navy History Books The Grozny cruiser - The ship that was in a step forward to the future book. Pic.4
Russian Navy History Books The Grozny cruiser - The ship that was in a step forward to the future book. Pic.4

Russian Navy History Books The Grozny cruiser - The ship that was in a step forward to the future book. Pic.5
Russian Navy History Books The Grozny cruiser - The ship that was in a step forward to the future book. Pic.5

Russian Navy History Books The Grozny cruiser - The ship that was in a step forward to the future book. Pic.6
Russian Navy History Books The Grozny cruiser - The ship that was in a step forward to the future book. Pic.6

In XXth century several up-to-date achievements of science and techinics in the field of development of military and fleet technical means were realized and that have led to revolutionary changes in an issue of military application of different marine Powers' Navies. So, for example, the mass building of submarines and aircraft carries, the creation of mines armament, naval aviation, the use of nuclear power at the submarines and ships were the reason for that changes. A lot of solid books have been written about that yet. But insignificant part of the information can be found in the modern literature regarding the series of missile cruisers of the project #58. They were designed in Soviet Union in the end of 1950's and were building in the first part of 1960's. When they were used in Russian Navy and later the similar models appeared in the foreign countries Navies and greatly changed the structure of marine battles and forms of the military activity of the Navies. These are rather not large-sized ships that are forced by powerful missile anti-ship armament and antiaircraft missiles. They also became a prototype for the new direction in the armament of the ships all around the world in the second part of XXth century.
We'd like to pay the reader's attention to an interesting paradox, the new ships of project #58 appeared in the same period of time when an opinion that all combat ships lost its values due the modern life conditions were speeded. And we pay out great regards to the foresight and persistence of the designers, builders and customers of these and those ships with attack and defense missile armament. Those people were capable to foresee for tens of years ahead and also insisted on the ships building and their introduction into the Russian Navy. It's well known that in the years of World War II, the ships what were aimed to be the attack forces (except the aircraft carriers) changed of their main roles with submarines and naval aviation. So it was appeared that some of Soviet political and military leaders and, unfortunately, some marine specialists, showed their negative altitude towards to all that ships and especially to the ships with big tonnage. Approximately the same situation was in the West Navies. Many foreign political leaders and military specialists, who were under the hypnosis of the powerful nuclear weapon, had the opinion that the ships absolutely lost their main role in the war at the sea. The exception was made only for the aircraft carriers but also it was an opinion that aircraft carriers might have the same destiny as the battle ships. Many times past since that period and now such ideas might cost only a smile.
But in those years, disregarding the difficult environment, the work of scientists, designers and other specialists of design bureaus, scientific institutes of Soviet Navy, Navy academy and other creators was continued. The decent projects of ships were improved the ones were also created. The ideas that might be called fantastic appeared then. But many of these ideas became a reality. By the beginning of 1970's, the attitude to the ships has changed for a best. And by the middle 1980's such kind of a Navy was made that was on a second place in the world. And the new ships were the part of that new Navy. The cruisers of project #58 were still functioned but they have already been obsolete. The new generations missile cruisers became the part of the Navy. And the main idea of the armament of their precedence, the missile cruisers of project #58, was embodied in the new generation.
The series of those ships in 1960's indisputably was the pride of Russian ship building industry. But you can find only the brief information regarding them in the reputable issues that were published by the 300th anniversary of Russian Navy. So, for example, you can find them in the book of V.N. Burov "The Russian military ship building in a third century of its history" (Saint-Petersburg, 1995). Also it has got the following books like the V.P. Kozin and V.I. Nikolsky "USSR Navy (VMF) from 1945 to 1990 years" (Saint-Petersburg, 1996) and ect. The story of creation and building of missile and other kinds of Navy ships is well told there. In the book written by A. Petrov and other authors "The weapon of Russian Navy" (Saint-Petersburg, 1996) the armament of "Grozny" cruiser (The Fearsome) is given in brief. In the "The ship building industry" and "The Typhoons" magazines are included the issues written by V.P. Kouzin what are attracted the attention by the cruisers of project #58 have been mentioned in them.
We can't agree to all claims of the authors mentioned above. We still have the row of the serious questions debatable be answered. Besides, in the literature that were mentioned above, the main stress is done on the technical characteristics of the ships and its armament. In that suggested book, without any pretending for full and detailed research, the try to estimate the role and place of project #58 cruisers in the evolution of the ships in the second part of XXth century is done. And also we'd like to estimate the influence of the ships forced by cruise missiles on the content of the combat actions at the armored battles at the sea. There is a story about the first "Grozny" (The Fearsome) cruiser' crew and also about the fate of that ship.

Contents
The role and place of "Grozny" cruiser (The Fearsome) in the evolution of the missile ships
The missile ships of the USSR Navy
The missile ships of the foreign countries Navies
The combat activity of the missile ships
The 30 years of service with the USSR Naval flag
The first ship's crew. The ship is going into operation
The sadness final
To look back to the ship's way of service
The list of a literature used
Appendix
96 pages, 76 photos, 12 schemes

1. The destroyer of the project #956
2. The heavy aircraft cruiser of project #11434 "Baku" (since 1990 it's named "Navy admiral of Soviet Union Gorshkov)
3. The practical launch of antiaircraft missile from cruiser of project #58
4. "Admiral Golovko" missile cruiser
5. The missile cruiser of project #58
6. "Grozny" missile cruiser (The Fearsome)