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www.Aviapress.com >  Magazines >  Morskaya Kollektsia > 

MKL-200309 Morskaya Kollektsia N9 2003: Spanish Mendez Nunez Class Light Cruisers magazine

Morskaya Kollektsia MKL-200309 Morskaya Kollektsia N9 2003: Spanish Mendez Nunez Class Light Cruisers magazine
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Morskaya Kollektsia Morskaya Kollektsia N9 2003: Spanish Mendez Nunez Class Light Cruisers magazine. Pic.1
Morskaya Kollektsia Morskaya Kollektsia N9 2003: Spanish Mendez Nunez Class Light Cruisers magazine. Pic.1

Morskaya Kollektsia Morskaya Kollektsia N9 2003: Spanish Mendez Nunez Class Light Cruisers magazine. Pic.2
Morskaya Kollektsia Morskaya Kollektsia N9 2003: Spanish Mendez Nunez Class Light Cruisers magazine. Pic.2

Morskaya Kollektsia Morskaya Kollektsia N9 2003: Spanish Mendez Nunez Class Light Cruisers magazine. Pic.3
Morskaya Kollektsia Morskaya Kollektsia N9 2003: Spanish Mendez Nunez Class Light Cruisers magazine. Pic.3

Morskaya Kollektsia Morskaya Kollektsia N9 2003: Spanish Mendez Nunez Class Light Cruisers magazine. Pic.4
Morskaya Kollektsia Morskaya Kollektsia N9 2003: Spanish Mendez Nunez Class Light Cruisers magazine. Pic.4

Morskaya Kollektsia Morskaya Kollektsia N9 2003: Spanish Mendez Nunez Class Light Cruisers magazine. Pic.5
Morskaya Kollektsia Morskaya Kollektsia N9 2003: Spanish Mendez Nunez Class Light Cruisers magazine. Pic.5

Morskaya Kollektsia Morskaya Kollektsia N9 2003: Spanish Mendez Nunez Class Light Cruisers magazine. Pic.6
Morskaya Kollektsia Morskaya Kollektsia N9 2003: Spanish Mendez Nunez Class Light Cruisers magazine. Pic.6

Morskaya Kollektsia Morskaya Kollektsia N9 2003: Spanish Mendez Nunez Class Light Cruisers magazine. Pic.7
Morskaya Kollektsia Morskaya Kollektsia N9 2003: Spanish Mendez Nunez Class Light Cruisers magazine. Pic.7

Morskaya Kollektsia Morskaya Kollektsia N9 2003: Spanish Mendez Nunez Class Light Cruisers magazine. Pic.8
Morskaya Kollektsia Morskaya Kollektsia N9 2003: Spanish Mendez Nunez Class Light Cruisers magazine. Pic.8

Morskaya Kollektsia Morskaya Kollektsia N9 2003: Spanish Mendez Nunez Class Light Cruisers magazine. Pic.9
Morskaya Kollektsia Morskaya Kollektsia N9 2003: Spanish Mendez Nunez Class Light Cruisers magazine. Pic.9

Morskaya Kollektsia Morskaya Kollektsia N9 2003: Spanish Mendez Nunez Class Light Cruisers magazine. Pic.10
Morskaya Kollektsia Morskaya Kollektsia N9 2003: Spanish Mendez Nunez Class Light Cruisers magazine. Pic.10

Morskaya Kollektsia Morskaya Kollektsia N9 2003: Spanish Mendez Nunez Class Light Cruisers magazine. Pic.11
Morskaya Kollektsia Morskaya Kollektsia N9 2003: Spanish Mendez Nunez Class Light Cruisers magazine. Pic.11

Morskaya Kollektsia Morskaya Kollektsia N9 2003: Spanish Mendez Nunez Class Light Cruisers magazine. Pic.12
Morskaya Kollektsia Morskaya Kollektsia N9 2003: Spanish Mendez Nunez Class Light Cruisers magazine. Pic.12

MKL-200309 Morskaya Kollektsia N9 2003: Spanish Mendez Nunez Class Light Cruisers magazine

These ships were built under the Navy Law of 17 February 1915 to a design generally similar to that of the British C class light cruisers. Their construction proceeded very slowly hecause of shortages of shipbuilding materials during and after 1914-1918. Six boilers were for oil burning, six for mixed firing. Two further ships of this class, previously projected, were cancelled in 1919.
Blas de Lezo grounded on the Centollo Reef off Cape Finisterre at speed and although refloated, sank in deep water. Mendez Nunez was damaged on the same occasion.
Mendez Nunez was reconstructed as an AA cruiser in 1944-1947. The superstructure was completely rebuilt, the boilers retrunked into two new funnels and a new rig fitted. The l20mm guns were arranged in similar fashion to the guns of the US Atlanta class with three mountings on the centreline both fore and aft and one on each beam abreast the after superstructure. She also had her bow modified into a more exaggerated clipper form, increasing the overall length by about 7ft.

Design & Construction
Two ships were authorised under the 1915 Naval Law. They exchanged names before launching as the first ship (to be named Blas de Lezo) was in advance of the second ship, to commemorate the birth of Mendez Nunez Commander In Chief of the Spanish fleet in 1866. This design was broadly comparable to that of the British C or D class cruisers constructed during the First World War. As designed, the ship displaced some 4.700 tons on a hull with similar dimensions to those of the British cruisers. The protective scheme included a waterline belt 3in thick in the way of the machinery spaces, reduced to 1.25in at the ends. Horizontal protection was limited to a lin deck. There was a conning tower with 6in armour.
The main machinery, a four-shaft single-reduction-geared turbine layout, was mixed fired, there being and equal number of oil- and coal-fired Yarrow boilers. The latter were in three boiler rooms, served by three funnels. The designed shp was 43.000shp for a maximum speed of 29kts. On trials, Mendez Nunez achieved 29,25kts with 43.776shp. The main armament comprised six 6in Vickers-Carraca 50cal weapons in single shielded mountings, disposed one forward, one each to port and starboard at the break of the forecastle, two abeam on the after shelter deck and one on the centreline on the quarterdeck. This was a BL gun with an elevation of 15º, firing a 100lb projectile. The light AA comprised four single 47mm, which were probably 3pdr Hotchkiss guns, two in echelon around the centre funnel and two sided above the after tubes. The torpedo outfit comprised four triple banks of 21in tubes sited on the main deck, two on each beam. There was no provision to operate aircraft.

Modifications
Over the entire life Mendez Nunez maintained a mixed combustion machinery that handicapped her performance. In 1944 Mendez Nunez was taken in hand at El Ferrol for conversion into an AA cruiser. All the armament was landed, the super-structure was removed and the boiler uptakes were trunked into two funnels. Suprisingly, the opportunity to convert the machinery to full oil-firing was not taken. The new armament comprised eight 4.7in Vickers Armstrongs/45 cal QF guns in single shielded mountings capable of 80° elevation. Six of these were shipped on the centreline, three forward and three aft in a three-tiered superfiring disposition similar to that on the British Dido or US Atlanta classes, with the remaining pair on the beam, abreast the after director. Four twin 37mm and two quadruple 20mm, probably of German origin, completed the AA outfit. Only two banks of tubes were retained. The bridge structure was completely rebuilt, and HA directors were fitted fore and aft.