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www.Aviapress.com >  Model kits >  Maquette > 

MAQ-4050 1/400 Avrora Russian Imperial Fleet Cruiser model kit

Maquette MAQ-4050 1/400 Avrora Russian Imperial Fleet Cruiser model kit
Price 67.37
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MAQ-4050 1/400 Avrora Russian Imperial Fleet Cruiser model kit

The ship was constructed in St. Petersburg New Admiralty in 1897-1903 under the program of strengthening of the Russian sea forces at the Far East. On the 8th of November, 1903 AURORA was sent to the Far East together with the cruiser detachment under the flag of Rear Admiral A.A.Virenius. She had made the voyage on a route: Kronstadt - Portland (U.K.) - Algeria - Specia (Italy) - Bizerta (Tunis) - Peraeus (Greece) - Port Suez - Gibuti. However the detachment was withdrawn on Baltic Sea owing the beginning of Russo-Japanese war.
Cruiser AURORA received her baptism of fire during the war 1904-1905, when she was included in 2-nd Squadron of the Pacific Fleet and on October 15, 1904 left Libau for the Far East under the command of captain 1-st rank Ye.R.Yegoryev. Cruiser took part in Tsushima battle on May 27-28, 1905. In the formation of Rear Admiral O.A.Enkvist's Cruiser Detachment, she followed the flagship, cruiser OLEG, and in the beginning of daylight action covered the column of Russian transports from the East. At 14:30 p.m. Russian cruiser detachment (formed of two 1-st rate cruisers and two old cruisers under the command of Rear Admiral O.A.Enkvist) and Reconnaissance Detachment (one 1-st rate cruiser, one 2-nd rate cruiser and one auxiliary cruiser under the command of captain 1-st rank S.P.Shein) engaged in a battle with Japanese 3-rd (4 cruisers, Vice-Admiral Deva) and 4-th (4 cruisers, Rear Admiral Uriu) Combat Detachments and at 15:20 p.m. - with Japanese 6-th Combat Detachment (4 cruisers, Rear Admiral Togo the Junior) in addition. About 16:00 p.m. AURORA got under the fire of Japanese armoured cruisers of 1-st Combat Detachment and was damaged. At the same time Rusian cruisers engag in an action with Japanese 5-th Combat Detachment (one old coastal defence ironclad and 3 cruisers, Vice-Admiral Kataoka) in addition. About 16:30 p.m. AURORA along with other cruisers went under the protection of Russian ironclads and stopped fighting.
Cruiser's commanding officer from July 1904 till May 1905 captain 1-st rank Ye.R.Yegoryev (1854-1905). Total 303 6-inch and 1282 75-mm shells were wasted during the battle. Cruiser endured moderate damages due to 18 hits of 8"-3" shells. Splinters of one 75-mm shell flied into the conning tower and wounded all present officers. commanding officer Yeroryev was killed, and senior officer, captain 2-nd rank A.K.Nebolsin, took the command over the cruiser, in spite of his seriuos wound. Total 15 seamen were killed in action and 83 were wounded. All the killed were buried at the sea later: commanding officer in a point 15¦00'N, 119¦15'O, the other crew members in a point 32¦00'N, 126¦00'O. Cruiser received moderate damages of the hull and superstructures. Fire control system partially sent out of operation. One 6-inch and five 75-mm guns were destroyed.
In night on May 28 Rear Admiral Enkvist, expecting a complete defeat of Russian squadron, had accepted the decision to withdraw the three cruisers, remained in his detachmend, on the South. Following the flagship, AURORA forced her speed, broke away the Japanese ships and on the 6-th of June had arrived in Manila (Philippines, U.S.A.). On the 7th of June Enkvist's detachment was interned by the American authorities. After the ending of the war, in February 1906, cruiser returned to Libau.
After the war Cruiser became a training ship for cadets and reefers of Marine Cadet Corps. She was reclassified from Cruiser of 1-st rate to Cruiser in 1907. During the summers of 1907-1908, 1910 and 1913 AURORA was voyaging with Marine Corps reefers at the Baltic Sea, visited Visbo and Stockholm (Sweden), Copenhagen (Denmark), participated in celebration the Kieler Woche («Kiel week»), when (on 1st of July) she was visited by German emperor. Since autumn 1909 till spring 1910 AURORA had made the long voyage to Mediterranean Sea and Atlantic Ocean. Russian cadets had been to Vigo (Spain), Algeria, Bizerta (Tunis), Toulon and Villefranche-sur-Mer (France), Smirna (Turkey), Naples and Messina (Italy), Suda (Crete), Peraeus and Poros (Greece), Gibraltar (U.K.), Vigo again, Cherbourg (France) and Kiel (Germany). Since autumn 1910 till spring 1911 ship made the second long voyage on a route: Libau (Russia) - Christiansund (Denmark) - Vigo (Spain) - Bizerta (Tunis) - Peraeus and Poros (Greece) - Messina (Italy) - Malaga and Vigo (Spain) - Cherbourg (France) - Libau. During the third long voyage (autumn 1911 - summer 1912) AURORA participated in coronation ceremony of king of Thailand (16.11-02.12.1911), visited ports in Atlantic Ocean, Mediterranean Sea, Indian and Pacific Oceans. In the spring and summer 1912 Cruiser in the formation of the international squadron for protecting the Crete stood in the Suda Bay as Russian stationeer.
Combat service in the First World War At the beginning of the World War I Cruiser AURORA under the command of captain 1-st rank G.I.Butakov was included in 2-nd Cruiser Brigade of the Baltic Fleet (homeport Sveaborg). She accomplished the artillery shooting and performed the patrol service. For example the Cruiser safeguarded the security of the diving works on wrecked German Cruiser MAGDEBURG in August and September 1914, reconnoitred the skerriers fairway between Gulfs of Finland and Bothnia. During the winter 1914/1915 Cruiser was rearmed 14 6" guns, 4 75-mm guns, as well as mine rails for 150 electric&percussion 1908-type mines and anti-mine fore-trawl. In a campaign of 1915 the Cruiser's task was to patrol to the West of the Central Mine&Artillery position. Cruiser safeguarded the minesweeping works, made campaign for searching the concealed passages in Finnish skerries. In winter routine repairs Cruiser received in addition two 75-mm and one 40-mm «airguns», and in summer of that year - next two 75-mm «airguns» (whereas all 75-mm guns of anti-mine calibre were taken off). In a campaign of 1916 AURORA was temporary used for cadets' naval practice, and later participated in Gulf of Riga defence: supported by the fire land forces, repelled air attacks on Russian ship's detachment.
In autumn 1916 AURORA laid in Saint Petersburg Franco-Russian plant while major repairs were made. During the winter 1916/1917 steam-engins were repaired, new Belleville-Dolgolenko boilers were mounted. Main calibre artillary received new mountings, which increased their firing range from 53 to 67 cable lengths. Instead of temporary 75-mm «airguns» six 3-inch ordinary AA guns of F.F.Lender's system were installed. Besides new powerful radio station and sonar communication system were mounted. Crew was increased up to 723 men.
Lying in Petrograd the Cruiser had appeared at the centre of events of Russian Revolution 1917. Being in close contact to the workers of a plant, the cruiser's seamen were involved in revolutionary propaganda. This was promoted by general situation in Russia, which was put on a verge of catastrophe by the war. Russian army, fatiged, bloodless, insufficiently armed, suffered tremendous losses and went from defeat to defeat. The national economy had come in decline: there were starvation, lack of bread, meat, kerosene, goods of the primary needs. There was obvious an inability of imperial government to cope with a crisis situation. The mutual relations between AURORA's officers and team became extremely strained. On 12th of March the crew had required commanding officer to release under the arrest a three imprisoned workers-propagandists. In order to disperse this mass-meeting commanding officer Captain 1-st rank M.I.Nikolskiy and Senior officer P.P.Ogranovich opened pistol fire; there were wounded. When on March 13, 1917 at the Cruiser it had become known about the occured Revolution, sailors together with the workers hoisted the Red flag over the ship. Commanding officer was killed, senior officer was wounded, most part of crew landed and joined the revolt.
Soon the Ship Committee was elected in realization of democratic rights of sailors. As a result of secret voting it was decided, that democratic republic must be a form of government in Russia. During the spring-summer-autumn 1917 the political situation aboard the AURORA was characterized by gradual loosing the confidence for Provisional Government between both sailors and officers. Influence of Russian Social Democratic Workers' Party (Bolshevistic) rose. After bloody events on March 13-14 the relations between Ship Committee and officers become rather normal: the officers did not go against the crew that concerned political convictions, and the Ship Committee did not put obstacles in officers's way concerning a service, discipline and ordinary ship works. When in October 1917 political situation in the country had become aggravated again and conflict between the Provisional Government and the Councils of workers', peasant's and soldiers' deputees had reached a deadlock, majority of the crew took Bolsheviks Party's side. Under the Baltic Fleet Central Committee's decision quite repaired AURORA was remained in Petrograd and was subordinated to Petrograd Council. Cruiser's sailors took part in October Revolt in Petrograd (7.11.1917), when Cruiser reestablished the traffic on the Nikolayevskiy bridge. Later AURORA blank-fired a forecastle gun to bringing moral pressure to defenders of Winter Palace, where the Provisional Government was.
By November 11 repaired AURORA had returned to 2-nd Cruiser Brigade, but shortly after most part of her crew was demobilized according to the Government Decree of old Navy's dissolution and new Wokers' and Peasants' Red Fleet organization. Only about 40 men remained aboard for purposes of guarding and routine affairs. In 1918 the Civil war began in Russia. By the summer 1918 Cruiser was removed to Kronstadt and put in reserve, since there was no more possibility to remain it battle-worthy. 6-inch guns were dismounted and sent to Astrakhan for arming the floating batteries of red Volga&Caspian naval flotilla. Most part of cruiser's sailors either went to Civil war fronts or simply went home. In 1922 the ship was handed over Kronstadt port for long duration storage (laid up).